History of Southeast Europe in Early Modern Times
Lecturer(s): doc. dr. Zwitter Žiga, izr. prof. dr. Jerše Sašo
The spread of the Ottoman Empire to Southeast and Central Europe in the 15th and 16th century; the relations among the Turks, the Habsburg Monarchy and Venetian Republic from the end of 15th century to the end of 18th century; Islamization; Ottoman administration; Turkish feudalism; position of vassal principalities; ethnic migrations in Southeast Europe and their permanent consequences; the overlapping of political, economic, social, religious and cultural samples; causes for scattering and dispersion of Southeast Europe with regard to European development centres; political and economic crisis of the Ottoman state; dissolution of the Ottoman feudal system (“čiftlučenje”); the role of the Orthodox church in the Ottoman state and in the Habsburg Monarchy; military, political and economic ascension of the Habsburg monarchy; acquisition of the Hungarian and Croatian crown by the Habsburgs; enforcement of absolutism and resistance in Hungary and Croatia; Serbian states in 16th and 17th century; setup of the military balance between the Habsburg lands and Ottoman state; Austrian-Hungarian wars; the beginning, development and internal organization of the Military Frontier; Venetian-Turkish wars; Venice in Dalmatia and Peloponnese; political and economic position of Dubrovnik and its cultural significance from the 15th to the beginning of 19th century; the emergence of political thought in the Balkans; the beginning of the East question; view of the Ottoman Empire and formation of thought on the Turks in the Habsburg Monarchy and Western Europe.